Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

nelson Mandela class 10 questions and answers

Q: Choose the correct alternative given.

A………..not just my freedom that was curtailed…..(increased/reduced) 

Ans- reduced

B……confer glory and hope to newborn liberty.(take/give) 


C. Achieve our political emancipation

(curtailment freedom for restriction)

Ans:-freedom for restriction.

Q: State whether the following are true or false: 1. The colors of the new South African flag white are black, red, green blue, and white. (SEBA MODEL)

2. The policy of apartheid created a deep lasting wound in South Africa. (SEBA MODEL)

 3. The smoke trail of Impala jets symbolized the new national flag of South Africa.

 4. The height generals were there to salute the world leaders.

5. The inauguration was taking place in the seat of a government building.

6. The leaders present there were the world leaders. 

7. Mr. de Klerk was sworn in as the second deputy president.

8. The policy of apartheid created lasting peace in Mandela’s Country. 

Ans:- 1. False 2. True 3. True 4. False

5. False 6. True 7. True 8. False

Q: Choose the correct phrase to complete the sentence.

A. but never extinguished

But he who conquers the fear

 But the triumph over it,

(1) Courage is not the absence of fear………

 (2) Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden……. 

Ans:-(1) Courage is not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it.

(2) Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.

Q: Fill in the blanks:

1. Even in the grimmest times in prison, when my comrades and I…….

2. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid…….(SEBA MODEL)

3. If people can learn to hate…….

4. I was not born with a hunger to be free………

5. It was only when I began to learn that……

6. It requires such depths of oppression…….

7. We have, at least, achieved our………. Ans:- 1. Even in the grimmest times in prison, when my comrades and I pushed to our limit.

2. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.

3. If people can learn to hate, they can be taught to love

4. I was not born with a hunger to be free, I was born free.

5. It was only when I began to learn that my boyhood freedom was an illusion. 6. It requires such depths of oppression, to create such height of the character. We have, at least, achieve our political emancipation.

Q: Who was Nelson Mandela? 

Ans:- Nelson Mandela was the first Black President of South Africa. 

Q: When was Nelson Mandela born?

Ans:- Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918.

Q: What was the author’s age at the time of his inauguration ceremony? 

Ans:- The author’s age at the time of his inauguration ceremony was 80 years. 

Q: Who accompanied Nelson Mandela to the oath-taking ceremony?

Ans:- Zenani, the daughter of Nelson Mandela accompanied him to the oath-taking ceremony.

Q: What do you mean by ANC? How many seats were won by the ANC party in the first democratic elections of South Africa’s history?

 Ans:- ANC means African National Congress party. This party won 252 seats out of the 400 seats in the first democratic elections of South Africa’s history.

Q: Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone? 

Ans: The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheater formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

The public buildings in India which are made of sandstone are Red Fort. Jama Masjid, North and South Blocks, Parliament House, etc.

Q: Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day in South Africa?

 Ans: 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa because of its weather and the

dawning of freedom after about 300 years of white rule.

Q: At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”.

What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious…. human achievement” he speaks of at the end?

Ans:- By “an extraordinary human disaster” Mandela means the white rule in South Africa over the blacks.

“The glorious…human achievement” he speaks of the end getting political independence from the white rule by the black natives. 

Q: What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Ans:-Mandela thanks the international leaders forming to take possession of the native people of South Africa. It is a common victory for justice, peace, and human dignity. Q: What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

Ans:- Mandela wants his people free from various bondages, such as poverty. deprivation, suffering, gender inequality, and other discrimination. 

Q: What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why? 

Aus: The military generals discharge their duties as per the military provisions. They owe allegiance to their country. Their attitude has now changed because they have to show their loyalty to democracy, to a new government that is frosty and fairly elected.

Q: Why were two wallonal anthems sung?

Ans:- Two national anthems wore sung as there were two main communities or races the whites and the blacks. The anthem of the whites was the anthem of the old republic.

Q: How does Mandela describe the systems government country in the decade, and (i) in final century?

Ans:- Mandela described the system of government country-(1) In the decade of the twentieth century, the whites of South Africa patched up their differences. They erected of racial domination against dark-skinned their own land.

(ii) In the last decade of the twentieth century their system had been overturned forever and replaced which recognized

the rights and freedoms all regardless of the their skin.

Q: What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?

Ans:- The twin obligations that Mandela mentions are(i) the obligation to his family, his parents, and his wife, and the obligation to his people, and community country. 

Q: What did being free mean to Mandela?

How does he contrast these “transit freedoms” with “the basic and honorable freedoms”? 

Ans:- As a boy, Mandela meant by being free to wander in the fields near his to swim, run through the village, roast mealies at night, and ride the bulls. As a student, he meant to be free to stay out at night and study whatever liked.

These were “transitory freedoms” that were far from basic and freedom to live with dignity and self-respect. 

Q: Does Mandela think the oppressor is free?Why/why not?

Ans:- Mandela thinks that the oppressor is not free because a person who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner of hatred. He is locked in prejudice and narrow-mindedness.

Q: Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

Ans:- a large number of international leaders

attended the inauguration to pay respects for victory for freedom and democracy. also signified the importance political independence

Q: What does Mandela says he “simply the sum all African patriots” had gone before him?

Ans: saying Mandela means that like patriots who felt the great need for politics had been tortured by whites in his own country.

Q: Would you agree that the  “depths of oppression” create “heights of character”? How does Mandela illustrate this?

 Ans= Yes, certainly more is oppressed, the more becomes a strong character. Mandela the decades racial oppression produced patriots. They were like Tambos,

Chief Luthulis, Yusuf Dadoos etc. 

Q: How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age experience? 

Ans:- As Mandela enjoyed the freedom to do activities boyhood days. But as he grew up that is indivisible.

Q: How did hunger for freedom’change life?

Ans:- Mandela’s ‘hunger changed him great man, statesman and visionary. He worked day and night Mandela had faced physical and mental tortures for obtaining freedom for his own people. 

Q: Where did the ceremony of oath-taking by Nelson Mandela takes place? Describe it

Ans: The ceremony oath-taking South Africa took place in amphitheater. formed the Union Buildings Pretoria. Many world leaders had gathered there to pay their respects. It was honourable ceremony. 

Q : What did the think of highest generals then? What did they the author? 

Ans: very important already there. The highest generals of the South African defence force and police were in their full dress. They had ribbons and medals on their chests. They saluted the author as the President. He was the first black President. He thought that many years before they would have arrested him.

                        Final 15

Q: State whether the following are true or false:

(i) Nelson Mandela spent twenty years in prison.

 (ii) On the day of the inauguration, two national anthems were sung. 

Ans:- (1) False (ii) True

Q: What did courage mean to Mandela? 

Ans:-According to Nelson Mandela, courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.


Q: State whether the following are true or false: 

1. On the day of inauguration Mandela was accompanid by his daughter Zenani. 2. Thabo Mbki was sworn in as the second deputy president. 

Ans:- 1. True 2. False.

Q: According to Mandela, between love and hate

which comes more naturally to human heart?

 Ans:- According to Nelson Mandela love comes more naturally to the human heart than to hate. This is because no one is born with a feeling of hatred against one another due to the colour of the skin, race etc. Mandela said that if they can learn to hate than they can also be taught to love.

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